In the Czech Republic wolves were extirpated during nineteenth century. Last wolf in the Sumava, mountains which we can find in the West of the Czech republic, was shot in 1874. In the Beskydy Mountains in the eastern part of the Czech Republic last wolf was shot in 1914. But in Slovakia wolves survived. Today about 400 wolves live in Slovakia and after 80 years of absence, in 1994 wolves started to migrate from Slovakia to the Beskydy Mountains in the Czech Republic.
Now, in the year 2013, the number of wolves who live in the Beskydy Mountains is still estimated only from three to five roaming wolves. There is no permanent wolf pack living in the Beskydy Mountains.
One of the best locations for bears, lynxes and wolves, who have come to our Beskydy mountains, is a big massif of the mountain Smrk. Near the top of Smrk peak a big male of brown bear has found his permanent territory.
Area of the mountain Smrk is my monitoring location. Besides tracks of lynxes and brown bear I often find footprints of wolves. It is an amazing fact for me. Wolves have come back to our mountains, to my Smrk. I remember, last winter I followed track of three wolves. It was a small pack. I walked through deep snow and suddenly saw a track. There was a deep groove in the three feet thick snow layer. I started to follow this track. It led me through the primeval forest to the ridge. Near some trees one trail split to two or even three tracks and I realized that I watched track of three wolves. I followed a trail of a small wolf pack. On the ridge wolf trail again divided to three tracks. Wolves went to the top and observed a valley below them. They surely looked for some pray. But they didn´t find any wild boar, red or roe deer - their favorite prey and they returned back exactly in their tracks. Three tracks joined together to the single one. Wolves came back through the forest. I followed their track for half of mile. Then track disappeared in snow drifts.